Patterns can be found in many sources--magazines, books,
paintings. You can copy expression and muscle movement from
your own face.
Find the center, place lines. If you plan to use a hat or a
beard you need to be sure to have space for these. (See Example 1)
draw the nose a bit larger to leave room for error (See Example 2)
tools I like to use are a knife, a small V-tool and a small
gouge. V-tools and gouges are good for doing the hair and
wrinkles. I usually start with the nose and eyes but you can choose
to start in another area depending on the needs of the design.
Make stop cuts for the top of the eye socket and around the
nose. Pay attention to the angle of the knife on both sides of
the nose (Example 3)
Wedge-cut, removing material out of the eye socket area and from
around the nose. The deepest parts of the face, besides an
open mouth, are the eyes toward the nose and beside the nostrils.
1 and 2 until you feel the nose is large enough and until it is deep
enough for the eyes.
For the mouth, if it is a closed mouth, use your v-tool. For
an open mouth use stop cuts and for the teeth use the v-tool to make
The cheek will begin to reveal itself when you make creases from the
side of the nose to the corner of the mouth. Place some
wrinkles out from the outer corners of the eyes. (Example 4)
Using a small gouge, put a crease on the upper lip beneath the nose,
put holes in for nostrils. If you are not comfortable doing
eyes at first, you can put hair or the bill of a hat over the eyes
thus only exposing the nose and mouth. If you are unsure of
teeth then have a closed mouth. See other pattern ideas below.